Col di Lana – Mount Sief

A scene of fierce wars during the First World War is the territory included in the municipality of Livinallongo del Col di Lana, which extends from the villages of Palla and Agai to Cima Lana, from Mount Castello to "Tagliata Lamarmora", from Cima Lana to Cima Sief, from Passo Valparola  to the villages of Corte and Contrin.

Col di Lana (2465 m), located in the municipality of Livinallongo del Col di Lana between the valley of Cordevole and Passo Falzarego, was an important theatre of war during the Great War and was also nicknamed Blood Hill because of the countless victims who died among its slopes. Being located exactly on the border between the Italian and the Austrian front, it has been the site of numerous and fierce attacks by the Austrian soldiers, who wanted to occupy the strategic military position, connected to Mount Sief, from where it was possible to control Val di Fassa and Passo Valparola. The war fought here was especially characterized by bombing and mines, the first of which was detonated on 16 April 1916, which caused the death of thousands of soldiers.
Today you can still see the wounds left by mines, impressive craters in the mountains, like the one in Monte Sief, visible kilometres away, caused by a powerful Austrian mine.
You can also retrace the remnants of trenches, visit some galleries and the incomes of hundreds of meters long underground tunnels dug into the mountain. Everywhere, on Col di Lana, there are evidences to the Great War: fighting positions, cavities, tunnels and underground systems that make this mountain and Mount Sief an almost unique outdoor museum.

The Tre Sassi Fort, in Valparola, was built in 1897 as an Austrian defence position for the empire's southern border and after a short time from the beginning of the war the fortification was badly hit and punched by the bombs coming from the Cinque Torri. Currently it has been renovated and has within it a small museum dedicated to the Great War.

Another Austrian fort is placed in Court conceived to prevent any advances of Italian troops towards Badia and Pusteria. Located on the slopes of Col di Lana, along with Tagliata di Ruaz, it was a defensive line with the objective of controlling the Cordevole valley.

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